Glossary essential of Watchmaking

This is our glossary of watches nomenclature and terminology:

Analog – When a clock indicating the time with markers and hands.
Anchor – Organisms that transmit the force of the spring screw.
Barb – The tip of the buckle.
Automatic – The charger is enabled when a clock directly from the displacement of a rotor, in turn driven by movements of the wrist.
Barrel – Cylindrical and provided with teeth, inside of which houses the mainspring.
Barbell – Body clock, basically consists of a flywheel, with its swings, distributes the force from the gearing. It’s from proper functioning depends on the regularity of movement of the watch.
Bracelet – Metallic element that engages the watch.
Cabochon – Precious stones of various kinds is usually rounded and is used to decorate the crown.
Calendar – Particularly suitable in addition to that organization, displayed on the dial with small windows to display digital or analog counters. The calendar is called complete if it specifies the day of the month, day of week and month of the year. That also indicates the perpetual fall leap year and / or automatically, the irregular fall of 30 or 31 days of the month (28 or 29 February). It is often added as an indication of moon phases.
Gauge – Indicates the size of a watch movement and is expressed in lines, each corresponding to 2.256 mm.
Upload – It’s the mechanical energy used to run the clock – is accumulated by the mainspring (placed inside a metal cylindrical element called ‘barrel’) and is armed with a reel driven by a crown (clocks, hand-wound) or rotor (self-winding watches).
Battery Charger – Occurs through the action of a rotor that turns at the slightest movement of the wrist to arm going through a coil spring load.
Manual winding – Occurs through the action of the crown to be screwed on a daily basis so going to arm the spool by a mainspring.
Carrure – The profile of the watch case.
Case – An element that contains and protects the watch movement is made in various forms and with different materials.
Complicated – When a watch has functions in addition to those basic indication of hours, minutes and seconds.
Bracelet – Item made from leather, cloth or plastic, has the task to establish the watch.
Counters – Specific and well defined parts of the dial, usually circular, that display information in addition to those hours and minutes.
Charge Corona – Circular in shape and usually made of metal, is an element that has the function to load the clock. Once extracted, can set the date and / or setting the time.
Chronograph Watches – Complicated, has an additional mechanism for measuring the short term, partial or total, displayed on special counters.
Stopwatch – Clock whose high accuracy is guaranteed by an official certificate (COSC) issued by the appropriate ‘observers’ in Switzerland.
Data – Additional function that indicates the number of days. It can be shown with a digital system through a window or analog meter.
Diapason – The first electronic watches is the fork-shaped device that emits constant vibration and acts as a regulatory body.
Dauphine – It’s the name of one of the most popular forms of e used lancets. Very linear and easy to see, have a characteristic pyramidal shape, with a narrow base and sides very stretched.
Digital time display – Displayed with digits instead of traditional hands.
Age – It’s the name of the most important and technologically advanced company of Swiss watch movements of both mechanical and electronic type, supplier of many brands of the Swatch Group as well as those to which it belongs.
Phases of the Moon – A suggestive indication, usually well maintained even in terms of graphics, depicting the various cycles on the face of our satellite.
Bottom – The bottom of the box, fixed to pressure, with screws or screwed.
Shape – You say, ‘form’ lines all the cash that would exclude the classic round appearance.
Time Zone – The conventional division of the globe into 24 time slots.
Guilloché – With a small diamond pattern, is the most widespread relief decoration of the dial.
Waterproof – Variously expressed in atmospheres, is the ability to withstand a case of water seepage. A watch is underwater when it is considered watertight than 10 atmospheres (about 100 meters deep).
Indices – Stylistic elements or numbers (Arabic or Roman) indicate hours and minutes on the dial.
Hands – Elongated elements of various shapes and usually made of metal, appears on the display, in correspondence of the indices, all claims made by the clock.
Bezel – Top element of the case, used to secure the protective glass of the dial.
Manchette – Special model in which the bracelet and his work are the elements of the foreground appears like a small clock face perched on top of the cuff.
Rotor – Metallic element that is semicircular with its movement allows charging ‘automatic’ wristwatch.
Mat – Indicates a special technique of working metal, widely used on the dials, which gets no surface reflections.
Movement – Name that stands for all the elements that make up the functional part of a clock, both mechanical and electronic quartz.
Buttons – Elements of various shapes inserted into the case middle, are used for starting and stopping the chronograph functions.
Dial – Element which displays all the functions of the watch.
Quartz – In clockwork, the silicon oxide is used for its exceptional ability to vibrate when it is stimulated by an electric field, in an isochronous. Working so good body control.
Rattrappante – Synonym of split, indicates a particular chronograph function that can simultaneously record two events of different durations.
Repeat – Complication timepieces, allows control of device and several scans of the time such as hours, quarters and minutes.
Reserve (or running) – On the dial displays the hours of operation clock.
Saltarello – A special type of clock dial on which the hours seem to snap into a separate window.
Scale – Measurements of various kinds, usually placed along the outer face of the dial of a chronograph. The most popular are the speedometer to calculate the rate of half those pulsometer for measuring heart rate, those telemetry to calculate the distance of a luminous event if it is followed by a noise (in the case of thunder or strokes ‘artillery) and slide rules for the operations of aircraft.
Glazing – In watchmaking, this fine polychrome decoration from the ancient Chinese technique is used to highlight boxes, rings or end caps.
Ringer – Acoustic detection system for a given amount of time. In expensive watches with the sound comes from the repetition of one or more percussion gong on specific elements and sound is produced on demand, on the most common svegliarini a hammer that is activated automatically at the preset instead.
Tonneau – With a shape like a ‘barrel’, is the most characteristic configuration of the clocks ‘in shape’.
Tourbillon – Patented in 1801 by Abraham-Louis Breguet to compensate, through an appropriate balance placed in a rotating cage, make mistakes due to the effect of gravity on the bar while using the same daily clock. The tourbillon is still used on special models of the wrist.
Tritium – Phosphorescent substance, applied indices and hands, makes it possible to read time in the dark.